[[abstract]]The U. S. Military Intelligence Reports （China）, as one segment of the U. S. Department Central Confidential Files on China （1911-1941）, was declassified in 1983. These reports along with the Foreign Relations of The United States of the same period, which have many vital evaluations and critical comments, should have decisive influence on China and must be reexamined and analyzed in connection with the policies and actions of the United States. The tenets of this dissertation were focused on Chiang Kai-shek’s rise to the highest level of China, Chiang’s unique personal characters, his achievement of national unity, his ambitions to nationalize the armed forces governed by local war lords, the Sian rebellion and the Sino-Japanese war. It is hopeful that this study could help clarify some of the most critical and controversial in modern Chinese history.
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