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[[alternative]]A Study on the Need of Further Development for the Current Graduates of the Aquaculture Department in Senior Vocational High School in Taiwan

By [[author]]游昊酃, Hao-ling [[author]]Yu, 游昊酃 and Hao-ling Yu

Abstract

[[abstract]]This study explores the need for further development by graduates from aquaculture departments or programs in senior vocational high schools in Taiwan. By selecting current graduates from those programs as subjects, this study aims to improve the guidance service for students of those programs in pursuing further education or seeking employment. An additional goal of this study is to provide useful information for career planning guidance for senior vocational high school students in general. The Questionnaire on the Need for Further Development by Students of Aquaculture Department Students in Senior Vocational High Schools is used as the research tool in a general survey conducted with students nationwide in 2004 (school year 2003). Ten independent variables are used for the study: gender, scores in Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students, average scores of the student in the current class during the first two school years, the student’s favorite subject, the parents’ education background, parents’ occupation, the person who has the greatest influence on the student’s further development, and the main reason for enrolling in this department, etc. Comparison is made between those independent variables and six dependent variables for difference: the dependent variables “preparedness for further education,” “guidance for further education” and “willingness for further edu- cation” comprise the three aspects of the need for further education option, while the dependent variables “preparedness for employment”, “guidance for employment” and “willingness for employment” comprise the three aspects of the need for employment option. The statistical methods implemented herein- after include t-test, One-way ANOVA etc. The results based on above analyses are as the following: 40% of the students in aquaculture department express they “like specialized subjects in aquaculture the best”. The person who has the greatest influence on the student’s further development is “his own” or “her own” in 40.7% of the students in aqua- culture department Regarding the students’ need in the aspects of career options, only the need in the willingness for employment aspect is “uncertain”. The need in all other aspects is positive, or “agree.” The importance of need is “willingness for further education”, “guidance for employment”, “preparedness for further education”, “guidance for further education” and “willingness for employment”. Regarding the students’ need in the “willingness for further education” and the “guidance for further education” schoolgirls are higher than schoolboys. The scores in the Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students have very significant influence on the students’ need for career options: i. The groups of students whose scores fall into the levels of 150-199 points and 100-149 points have higher need in “preparedness for further education”, “guidance for further education” and “preparedness for employment” than those in the group whose scores are in the level of below 99 points; ii. The groups of students whose scores fall into the levels of 100-149 points have higher need in “willingness for further education”, than those in the group whose scores are in the level of below 99 points; iii. The groups of students whose scores fall into the levels of 150-199 points have higher need in “willingness for employment” on aquaculture, than those in the group whose scores are in the level of below 99 points. The students in the group of top 30 % academic achievement have higher demand for “preparedness for further education” and “willingness for employment” than those in the lowest 30 % group. The students’ choices of different “favorite subjects” have very significant influence on their need for career options: i. Students who indicate that they “like specialized subjects in aquaculture the best” and “like general subjects the best” have higher need for “prepared- ness for further education” than students who indicate that they “like other subjects the best.” ii. The students “like specialized subjects in aquaculture the best”, have the highest “willingness for employment” of aquaculture. The “willingness for further education”, “guidance for employment”, “preparedness for further education”, and “willingness for employment” in jobs related to their training indicated by students who enrolled into the department because of “interest” is significantly higher by an extreme extent compared to the students who enrolled into the programs for “reasons other than interest”. Main conclusions and suggestions are: 1. Regardless of their parents’ education background and occupations, the students best suited for studying in aquaculture programs should be those who have scored above 100 points in Basic Junior High School Academic Achievement Tests, are interested in this field of knowledge, or are interested in other general subjects after enrolling in those programs. 2. For the purposes of improving the education results of aquaculture programs and providing sufficient career guidance for students, the results of this study suggest that the number of students in each class be reduced to 20 on the condition that the total number of classes remains unchanged.

Topics: 水產養殖科, 進路需求, 升學, 就業, 基本學力測驗, Aquaculture Dept., the need for further development, further education, employment, Basic Junior High School Academic Achievement Tests, [[classification]]53
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:ir.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:309250000Q/7034
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