Population attributable fraction of cardiovascular disease associated with diabetes mellitus in Yazd city

Abstract

Introduction: Effective policies to reduce non-communicable diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases can be achieved using reliable evidence. Considering the importance and high cost of cardiovascular diseases, the present study was conducted to determine the population attributable fraction of cardiovascular disease associated with diabetes mellitus in the Yazd city Methods: This study used the epidemiological data on prevalence of diabetes mellitus from Yazd Health Study (YaHS), which was conducted from 2013 to 2014 in Yazd Greater Area. Measurement  of  the association (relative risk) between diabetes and cardiovascular diseases was adopted from Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Population attributable fraction was calculated using these the prevalence and relative risk according to the relevant equation. Results: Population attributable fraction of cardiovascular disease due to diabetes was more in females )12.3% -%95 CI=10.8-13.6)  compared to males (6.5% -95% CI=5.6-7.4)  ) . In other words, up to 6.5% of cardiovascular diseases in males and 12.3% of it in female can be prevented by reducing the prevalence of diabetes in Yazd population. Conclusion: Population attributable fraction of cardiovascular disease associated with diabetes is higher in females who live in Yazd city compared to males, thus more health promotion and diabetes’ prevention programs should be introduced to this group. More prevention programs are needed to control diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, consequentially

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This paper was published in Directory of Open Access Journals.

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