Vertically aligned graphene nanosheets on silicon using an ionic liquid electrolyte: towards high performance on-chip micro-supercapacitors


International audienceVertically oriented graphene nanosheets were synthesized by an alternative and simple approach based on electron cyclotron resonance-plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (ECR-CVD) onto highly doped silicon substrates. The as-grown graphene electrodes were employed in a symmetric micro-supercapacitor using an aprotic ionic liquid [N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethyl-sulfonylimide); PYR13TFSI] as electrolyte. The device was able to deliver an outstanding specific capacitance value of 2 mF cm(-2), a power density value of 4 mW cm(-2) and an energy density value of 4 mu W h cm(-2) operating at a large and stable cell voltage of 4 V with a quasi-ideal capacitive behaviour. Moreover, the lifetime of the device exhibited a remarkable electrochemical stability retaining 80% of the initial capacitance after 150 000 galvanostatic charge-discharge cycles at a high current density of 1 mA cm(-2). This excellent electrochemical performance results from the obtained channel-based 3-D graphene network promoting rapid electrolyte ion-transport and short diffusion paths

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Last time updated on December 2, 2017

This paper was published in HAL-CEA.

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