This paper is based on my field research during six months (April-September 2015) in Yogyakarta. The paper tries to answer research questions as follows: what are the motivations behind mosques construction by the Islamic Institutions in Indonesia? How do the recipients of mosques construction interpret the donations? Besides, the paper also wants to show current social and religious activities of the Islamic institutions in Indonesia in general and Yogyakarta in particular (as the sample of this study) that have affiliations with the Middle East donations. The method of this research is qualitative research that also utilizes quantitative data. The main technique of qualitative data collection is interviews. The result of the study shows that; 1) mosques construction in Indonesia is a consequence of the important role of Indonesian alumni from the Middle East on connecting the Islamic institutions in Indonesia to the donator from the Middle East, 2) the Islamic institutions that affiliated with the Middle East donations are very multiple and complex, 3) the responses from the recipients of mosques construction can be summarized into three responses: full acceptance, acceptance with modification, and rejection
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