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政治菁英與民主鞏固關聯性之研究---以2006年總統選舉後的墨西哥為例

By 余小云

Abstract

[[abstract]]2006 年墨西哥總統選舉,執政的「國家行動黨」(National Action Party, PAN)候選人卡德隆(Felipe Calderon)以極些微的0.58%得票差距,擊敗左翼「民 主革命」(Democratic Revolutionary Party,PRD)的總統候選人羅貝茲(Andres Manuel Lopez-Obradorv,Democratic Revolutionary Party,PRD)而獲得勝選, 但隨之而來的抗議選舉不公的大規模街頭抗爭、羅貝茲成立的「平行流動政 府」以及新總統在國會沒有穩定的多數聯盟,使墨西哥脆弱的民主政治,呈 現政治菁英不信任與尖銳社會對立,嚴重影響墨西哥民主鞏固進程。本研究 計劃擬以民主鞏固為核心概念,就2006 年墨西哥總統選後之政治菁英與民主 鞏固關聯性的研究議題,探究選後贏者(PAN) 與輸家(PRD)的政治菁英們對 民主政治的相關信念、態度與行為,從中瞭解其後續民主鞏固的可能前景。 n the 2006 Presidential Election of Mexico, Felipe Calderon Hinojosa, candidate of the incumbent National Action Party (PAN), won the election by defeating the left-wing candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador of the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) with a minute difference of 0.58% votes. Such a close match engendered massive street protests, which, along with Obrador’s “alternative government”and Calderon’s lack of stable and coalitional majority in the Congress, seriously impaired Mexico’s fragile democratic politics and caused sharp social rivalries, distrusts among political elites, and setbacks in Mexico’s democratization. With “democratic consolidation”as core concept, this research attempts to focus on the interrelations between the political elites and democratic consolidation since the 2006 president Election in Mexico. It will explore and examine the political elites’ beliefs, attitudes and behaviors of both the winner (PAN) and the loser (PRD), and provide an understanding of as well as forecast the possible prospects of Mexico’s democratic consolidation

Topics: 民主鞏固, 政治菁英, 國家行動黨, 卡德隆, 民主革命黨, 羅貝茲
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:http://ir.lib.pccu.edu.tw/:987654321/2185
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