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The Effect of pH on Polymorph Formation of the Pharmaceutically Active Compound Tianeptine

By L. Orola, M.V. Veidis, I. Sarcevica, A. Actiņš, Sergejs Beļakovs and A. Platonenko


The anti-depressant pharmaceutical tianeptine has been investigated to determine the dynamics of polymorph formation under various pH conditions. By varying the pH two crystalline polymorphs were isolated. The molecular and crystal structures have been determined to identify the two polymorphs. One polymorph is an amino carboxylic acid and the other polymorph is a zwitterion. In the solid state the tianeptine moieties are bonded through hydrogen bonds. The zwitterion was found to be less stable and transformed to the acid form. During this investigation an amorphous form was identified

Topics: Tianeptine; Polymorph; Crystallization; pH; Crystal structure; X-ray diffractometry
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