Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Glutamate phase shifts circadian activity rhythms in hamsters

By J.H. Meijer, E.A. van der Zee and M. Dietz


The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) have been identified as a pacemaker for many circadian rhythms in mammals. Photic entrainment of this pacemaker can be accomplished via the direct retino-hypothalamic tract (RHT). Glutamate is a putative transmitter of the RHT. In the present study it is demonstrated that glutamate injections in the SCN cause phase shifts of the circadian activity rhythm of the hamster. In contrast, glutamate injections outside the SCN or vehicle injections inside the SCN did not affect the circadian phase. These data suggest that glutamate could be involved in photic entrainment of the circadian pacemaker.

Year: 1988
OAI identifier:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.