Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Child temperament moderates the impact of parental separation on adolescent mental health: the TRAILS Study

By M. Sentse, J. Ormel, R. Veenstra, F.C. Verhulst and A.J. Oldehinkel

Abstract

The potential effect of parental separation during early adolescence on adolescent externalizing and internalizing problems was investigated in a longitudinal sample of adolescents (n = 1274; mean age = 16.27; 52.3% girls). Pre-separation mental health problems were controlled for. Building on a large number of studies that overall showed a small effect of parental separation, it was argued that separation may only or especially have an effect under certain conditions. It was examined whether child temperament (effortful control and fearfulness) moderates the impact of parental separation on specific mental health domains. Hypotheses were derived from a goal-framing theory, with a focus on goals related to satisfying the need for autonomy and the need to belong. Controlling for the overlap between the outcome domains, we found that parental separation led to an increase in externalizing problems but not internalizing problems when interactions with child temperament were ignored. Moreover, child temperament moderated the impact of parental separation, in that it was only related to increased externalizing problems for children low on effortful control, whereas it was only related to increased internalizing problems for children high on fearfulness. The results indicate that person-environment interactions are important for understanding the development of mental health problems and that these interactions can be domain-specific

Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1037/a0022446
OAI identifier: oai:ub.rug.nl:dbi/4e044fb4e8740
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://share.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/r... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.