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The ATP/Substrate Stoichiometry of the ATP-binding Cassette (ABC) Transporter OpuA

By Jason S. Patzlaff, Tiemen van der Heide and Bert Poolman


ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport proteins catalyze the translocation of substrates at the expense of hydrolysis of ATP, but the actual ATP/substrate stoichiometry is still controversial. In the osmoregulated ABC transporter (OpuA) from Lactococcus lactis, ATP hydrolysis and substrate translocation are tightly coupled, and the activity of right-side-in and inside-out reconstituted OpuA can be determined accurately. Although the ATP/substrate stoichiometry determined from the uptake of glycine betaine and intravesicular ATP hydrolysis tends to increase with decreasing average size of the liposomes, the data from inside-out reconstituted OpuA indicate that the mechanistic stoichiometry is 2. Moreover, the two orientations of OpuA in proteoliposomes allowed possible contributions from substrate (glycine betaine) inhibition on the trans-side of the membrane and inhibition by ADP to be determined. Here we show that OpuA is not inhibited by up to 400 mM glycine betaine on the trans-side of the membrane. ADP is an inhibitor, but accumulation of ADP was negligible in the assays with inside-out-oriented OpuA, and potential effects of the ATP/ADP ratio on the ATP/substrate stoichiometry determinations could be eliminated.

Year: 2003
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