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Characterization of the Protonation and Hydrogen Bonding State of the Histidine Residues in IIAmtl, a Domain of the Phosphoenolpyruvate-Dependent Mannitol-Specific Transport Protein

By Alard A. van Dijk, Ruud M. Scheek, Klaas Dijkstra, Gea K. Wolters and George T. Robillard


The A domain of the mannitol-specific EII, IIAmtl, was subcloned and proven to be functional in the isolated form. It contains a histidine phosphorylation site, the first of two phosphorylation sites in the parent protein. In this paper, we describe the characterization of the three histidine residues in IIAmtl with respect to their protonation and hydrogen bonding state, using 1H{15N} heteronuclear NMR techniques and protein selectively enriched with [δ1,ε2-15N] histidine. The active site residue has a low pKa (<5.8) and shows no hydrogen bond interactions. The proton in the neutral ring is located at the Nε2 position, which also proved to be the site of phosphorylation. The phosphorylation raises the pKa of the active site histidine considerably but does not change the hydrogen bond situation. The other two histidine residues, one of which is probably located on the surface of the protein, were also characterized. Both show hydrogen bond interactions in the unphosphorylated protein, but these are disturbed by the phosphorylation process. These observations, combined with small changes in pKa and titration behavior, indicate that the IIAmtl changes its conformation upon phosphorylation.

Year: 1992
OAI identifier: oai:ub.rug.nl:dbi/4975a80a87353
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