For a dense RFID reader deployment, such as in a warehouse, where hundreds of readers will be positioned in a building, the interference between all these readers must be studied carefully to avoid disruption of operations. Strict RFID regulations and standards have been imposed, trying to address the problem of reader collision and also the problem of RFID devices interfering with other devices operating in the same and nearby frequency bands. However, these guidelines and regulations are not entirely friendly for dense RFID reader deployment; in some cases it is not possible to have a feasible RFID system while adhering to these regulations. Hence, this paper proposes the synchronization of RFID readers to enable successful dense RFID reader deployment. A case study targeted at European operations is presented in this paper to illustrate the actual synchronization of RFID readers in real applications. Some fine-tuning methods are also suggested to further improve the performance of readers in a high reader density population area.Kin Seong Leong, Mun Leng Ng, Alfio R. Grasso, and Peter H. Col
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