This technical paper reviews existing empirical evidence to track the effects of women's paid work on their own and their children's health in Latin America and the Caribbean. It begins with a brief description of the changing nature of labor markets and women's labor force participation. It then explores women's occupational health risks and mentions some initiatives that seek to respond to these risks. The next part of the report looks at the existing evidence for the positive effects of paid work on women's health and child health. The paper ends with policy recommendations.