Asymmetrical segregation of differentiated sister chromatids is thought to be important for cellular differentiation in higher\ud eukaryotes. Similarly, in fission yeast, cellular differentiation involves the asymmetrical segregation of a chromosomal\ud imprint. This imprint has been shown to consist of two ribonucleotides that are incorporated into the DNA during laggingstrand\ud synthesis in response to a replication pause, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here we present key\ud novel discoveries important for unravelling this process. Our data show that cis-acting sequences within the mat1 cassette\ud mediate pausing of replication forks at the proximity of the imprinting site, and the results suggest that this pause dictates\ud specific priming at the position of imprinting in a sequence-independent manner. Also, we identify a novel type of cis-acting\ud spacer region important for the imprinting process that affects where subsequent primers are put down after the\ud replication fork is released from the pause. Thus, our data suggest that the imprint is formed by ligation of a not-fullyprocessed\ud Okazaki fragment to the subsequent fragment. The presented work addresses how differentiated sister\ud chromatids are established during DNA replication through the involvement of replication barriers
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