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POLITICAL STRATEGIES AND DOMESTIC ECONOMY OF THE LOTE B RURAL ELITE IN THE PREHISPANIC LURÍN VALLEY, PERU

By Giancarlo Marcone

Abstract

There is a long tradition in archaeology that focuses on the study of societal intermediate groups as a way to understand how broad regional political transformations intermingle with different local settings. This dissertation explores this topic at the rural Lima Culture site of Lote B (Cerro Manchay) in the Lurín Valley. This site was occupied from the Early Intermediate to Middle Horizon period (circa 500–700 CE), a time of dramatic regional change. My research identifiyed the main power strategies at work in the site, the constituent factors of these power strategies and how they were re-arrange by Lote B inhabitants at the start of the Middle Horizon period. The analysis has illuminated the transformation of power strategies of Lote B inhabitant in both domestic and monumental context.\ud In order to develop a better understanding of Lote B inhabitants’ political strategies, test pits in midden deposits, complemented with limited broad excavations inside the architecture were undertaken at the four constituent sectors of the Site. The results of this investigation revealed an elite domestic compound occupied in the Early Intermediate and lasted through the Middle Horizon Period. This domestic compound was later co-opted by the Late Lima multi-valley polity through the construction of two non-domestic buildings, one of them a storage facility that was constructed on area previously used as burial grounds. Other transformations like the increase in feasting activities, more storage structures and better quality of architecture in the residential complex, suggests that these elite maybe benefited from an economical improvement with their inclusion into this regional polity.\ud My results detail a case of what I believe is a common integrative process in the formation of regional-level polities: that intermediate elites are willing to trade independence of action for favored economic agendas, when this are likely to solidify their political position. In short, the regional transformation associated with the spread of the state, allowed local elites to change their relationships with commoners.\u

Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:d-scholarship.pitt.edu:11840
Provided by: D-Scholarship@Pitt

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