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CONCEPTUAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PACIFIC, ATLANTIC AND ARCTIC TSUNAMI WARNING SYSTEMS FOR CANADA

By T.S. Murty, N. Nirupama, Nistor and A.D. Rao

Abstract

Canada has coastlines on three of the four oceans on the globe, namely, the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic oceans. The Pacific and Atlantic oceans are connected to the Arctic Ocean in the north, but still they are three distinct oceans, and need three individual tsunami warning systems. Tsunamis in the Arctic Ocean are not as well documented as in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. From what is known, tsunamis in the Arctic Ocean are rare and probably are small in amplitude. Because of very low population density, around the Canadian Arctic, at present, there is no priority for a tsunami warning system for Arctic Canada. For the Pacific Ocean, a tsunami warning system is in existence since 1948. In at least one sense, the warning aspects of the tsunami warning system for the Pacific coast of Canada, is relatively simple and straight forward, because it involves only the federal government (PSEPC) and the provincial government of British Columbia (PEP). For the Atlantic Ocean, A tsunami warning system is now being established. The warning aspects will be some what more complex for eastern Canada, since it not only involves the federal government, but also five provinces, namely, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. The Alaska tsunami warning center (ATWC) in Palmer, Alaska, provides tsunami warnings for both Pacific and Atlantic Canada

Topics: tsunamis, earthquakes, tsunami warning systems, regional tsunami warning systems, Oceanography, GC1-1581, Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, G, DOAJ:Oceanography, DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Tsunami Society International
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:298d46c8ee9d425f8583122f48ae2698
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