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By Ligia Freitas de Lima, Priscilllla Moura, Pedro Ivo Braga Passos, Diogo Ramos Leal, R odolflfo Rumpfpf and Jairo Pereira Neves


Different types of cooling systems of ram semen were evaluated by the measurement and comparison of cooling rates and their effects on the post-thawing quality. Motility, vigor, morphology damages, viability and acrosomal status were tested at the end of 90 minutes of cooling and post-thawing. Regarding post-thawed semen, the same parameters were used, in addition to the assessment of the integrity of the plasmatic membrane, and the resistance test by the incubation of semen at +37ºC for 4 hours. Semen refrigeration was carried out in a domestic refrigerator and in a horizontal refrigerator. To control the temperature drop of semen in both equipments, the slats were disposed between plastic bags containing water at +32ºC, constituting four combinationsof cooling procedures: RS (refrigerator without bag), RC (refrigerator with bag), BS (horizontal refrigerator without bag) and BC (horizontal refrigerator with bag), resulting in four cooling rates: -1.4ºC/min, -0.4ºC/min, -2.9°C/min and -0.45ºC/min, for RS, RC, BS and BC, respectively. At the end of the cooling period, BS treatment showed the lowest percentage of sperm motility (P<0.05), the lowest mean of live spermatozoa with intact acrosome, and the highest mean of dead spermatozoa with intact acrosome (P<0.05). As for morphological defects, BS treatment had the highest mean whereas the systems RC and BC resulted in the lowest means. There was no significant difference among treatments in relation to frozen-thawed semen at the end of the resistant test. It was concluded that the different cooling rates affected ram semen at the end of cooling stage but not at post-thawing

Topics: Cooling protocols, cryopreservation, ovine, , semen., Animal culture, SF1-1100, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Animal Sciences, DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Goiás
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:30c8fc309df54f46b9ff79fbbf876392
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