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Disponibilidade de boro em substrato para produção de porta-enxertos de citros em fase de sementeira Boron availability in the growth media for production of citrus rootstock seedlings

By Dirceu Mattos Junior, Rodrigo Marcelli Boaretto, Emanuel Roberto de Lima Corrrêa, Mônica Ferreira de Abreu and Sergio Alves de Carvalho

Abstract

A produção de mudas cítricas em ambiente protegido, associada ao uso de substratos, requer estratégias adequadas de manejo no viveiro. Problemas de falta e/ou excesso de nutrientes freqüentemente causam prejuízos ao setor. Em citros ocorrem diferentes respostas à disponibilidade de boro (B) para a planta e são comuns danos causados pela toxidez desse nutriente. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da adição de B no substrato sobre a absorção e o crescimento de duas variedades de porta-enxertos de citros em fase de sementeira. O experimento foi desenvolvido em esquema fatorial, com limão 'Cravo' e citrumelo 'Swingle' e quatro doses de B misturadas ao substrato na forma de H3BO3 (0, 3, 6, e 12 g m-3 de B), em três repetições. Avaliaram-se os teores de B no substrato no início do experimento, aos 55 e 110 dias de sementeira, e o crescimento dos seedlings e a absorção de B pelas plantas nos mesmos intervalos. Os teores de B no substrato variaram entre 0,1 e 4,7 mg L-1. Aos 55 e 110 dias, houve decréscimo nos teores do nutriente nas plantas provavelmente devido às perdas do nutriente do substrato por lixiviação. Observaram-se sintomas visuais de fitotoxicidade de B nos porta-enxertos cultivados no substrato tratado com 3 g m-3 de B, quando o teor na planta foi >100 mg kg-1. O excesso de B causou redução no crescimento dos porta-enxertos. O maior crescimento e acúmulo de B na massa seca de plantas de citrumelo 'Swingle', comparado ao 'Cravo, indicam maior tolerância do primeiro à fitotoxicidade de B.<br>The production of citrus nursery trees under protected environment using growth media requires healthy management practices. Problems associated with deficiency and/or nutrient excess have frequently caused economic losses in the nursery. Citrus grow differently depending on boron (B) availability in the growth media, even tough B toxicity commonly cause damage to plants. This research aimed to evaluate the effects of B supply in the growth media on nutrient uptake and seedling growth of two rootstock citrus varieties. A factorial design was set up with two factors: two rootstocks (Rangpur lime and Swingle citrumelo) and four B levels added to the substrate (0, 3, 6, e 12 g m-3 B) as boric acid, with 3 replications. Boron availability in the substrate was evaluated at beginning the experiment, 55 and 110 days after rootstock seeding, as well as seedling growth and B uptake by seedlings in the same time intervals. Boron concentration in the treated substrate varied from 0.1 to 4.7 mg L-1, whereas B concentration in the whole plant tissue decreased in both evaluation periods probably because of nutrient leaching losses from substrate. Visual symptoms of B toxicity were observed for seedlings grown in substrate with B added at 3 g m-3, which were associated with B concentration in the plant tissue >100 mg kg-1. Excess B caused reduced growth of seedlings. The greater growth and B content in the dry mass of 'Swingle' compared to 'Cravo' rootstock plants denoted greater tolerance of the former to B toxicity

Topics: nutrição, micronutriente, viveiro, análise química, toxicidade de boro, nutrition, micronutrient, nursery, chemical analysis, boron toxicity, Agriculture (General), S1-972, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Agriculture (General), DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences, Geology, QE1-996.5, Science, Q, DOAJ:Earth Sciences, DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Agronômico de Campinas
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0006-87052008000400022
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:786e251d955c472aa65a2a7cb0f7a2c8
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