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Iron availability in the presence of β-carotene in different mixtures

By Romilda Maria de Arruda Germano and Solange Guidolin Canniatti-Brazaca


Iron availability in the diet is very important because iron deficiency affects a large population in the world. The matrix where iron is present has an influence in its availability. The presence of β-carotene is a factor that alters the availability of iron. This research aims to estimate the iron availability in the presence of β-carotene in food mixtures: M1 = egg and pumpkin; M2 = spinach and pumpkin; M3 = spinach and cabbage; M4 = egg and cabbage; M5 = spinach and carrot; M6 = egg and carrot; M7 = bean and carrot; M8 = bean and pumpkin and M9 = bean and cabbage. After cooking, the following figures were determined: proximate composition, oxalic acid, phytic acid, tannin, iron, iron availability in vitro and β-carotene. The data were analyzed by Tukey test (5%). There were no significant statistical differences for oxalic acid. Tannin presented greater results in mixtures with spinach (M2 and M5); phytic acid was greater in bean samples (M7, M8 and M9) and with spinach (M2). Mixtures M5 e M7, with carrot, presented more β-carotene than the others. The best result for iron availability appeared in mixture (M6). A positive correlation was verified between protein and iron dialysis, and between lipids and iron dialysis. Dietetic fiber was an inhibitor to iron availability. Mixtures with egg showed greater iron availabilit

Topics: anemia, β-caroteno, disponibilidade, composição de alimentos, ferro, Agriculture (General), S1-972, Agriculture, S, Nutrition. Foods and food supply, TX341-641, Home economics, TX1-1110, Technology, T, Technology (General), T1-995
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0101-20612011000200008
OAI identifier:
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