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Escolas mistas, escolas normais: a coeducação e a feminização do magistério no século XIX Mixed and normal schools: coeducation and the feminization of teaching in Brazil in the 19th century

By June E Hahner

Abstract

A presente discussão objetiva explorar aspectos históricos sobre o lugar da coeducação no momento em que o magistério primário passou da ocupação majoritariamente masculina, em meados do século XIX, para a ocupação feminina, no século XX. A educação de meninas e a feminização do magistério, ocorridas ainda no século XIX, são analisadas no fluxo das reformas que aconteceram no final do século XIX e só podem ser entendidas a partir da ideia de modernização instaurada no país, na transição do século XIX para o século XX.<br>The discussion here presented aims at exploring historical aspects of the place of coeducation at the moment that elementary school teaching changed from a predominantly male occupation, in mid-nineteenth-century, to a feminine career in the 20th century. The education of girls and the feminization of teaching are analyzed as part of the reforms which took place at the end of the 19th century and which can be understood in the context of the spirit of modernization which characterized Brazil at the turn of the last century

Topics: coeducação, educação feminina, feminização do magistério, Coeducation, Education of Women, Feminization of Teaching, Women. Feminism, HQ1101-2030.7, The family. Marriage. Woman, HQ1-2044, Social Sciences, H, DOAJ:Gender Studies, DOAJ:Social Sciences
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0104-026X2011000200010
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:8adfb40202d7430baba31a0caa56a4b8
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