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Prevalence of strabismus among students in Natal/RN - Brazil Prevalência de estrabismo nos estudantes de Natal/RN - Brasil

By Carlos Alexandre de Amorim Garcia, Araken Britto de Sousa, Marcelo Bezerra de Melo Mendonça, Luciana Luna de Andrade and Fernando Oréfice

Abstract

PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of strabismus in Natal, Brazil, among elementary and high school students of the public and private educational systems, in addition to detecting etiological factors. METHODS: 1024 students were randomly selected and submitted to a questionnaire and a complete ophthalmologic examination, by professors and resident physicians in Ophthalmology at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. RESULTS: Of 1024 students, 1015 were examined; 29 were found to have strabismus (2.9%), 20 of whom had manifest exotropia (2%), 2 had intermittent exotropia (0.2%), 6 had esotropia (0.6%) and 1 had V anisotropies (0.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The strabismus prevalence of the student population of Natal falls within the range of the worldwide population. There was ocular lesion in only one student (retinochoroiditis scar on the posterior pole in both eyes) related to strabismus.<br>OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a prevalência de estrabismo do município de Natal, entre os estudantes de I e II graus das escolas públicas e privadas, e detectar os possíveis fatores etiológicos. MÉTODO: 1024 alunos foram escolhidos de forma aleatória, sendo submetidos a um questionário e a um exame oftalmológico completo, pelos médicos docentes e residentes em Oftalmologia da UFRN. RESULTADOS: Dos 1024 estudantes, foram analisados 1015; 29 eram portadores de estrabismo (2,9%), sendo 20 com exotropia manifesta (2%), 2 com exotropia intermitente (0,2%), 6 com esotropia (0,6%) e 1 com anisotropia em V (0,1%). CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de estrabismo da população de estudantes de Natal é semelhante a estudos de prevalência publicados anteriormente. Em apenas um dos estudantes havia lesão ocular (cicatriz de retinocoroidite em pólo posterior de ambos os olhos) causando estrabismo

Topics: Estrabismo, Estrabismo, Saúde ocular, Serviços de saúde escolar, Estudantes, Strabismus, Strabismus, Eye health, School health services, Students, Ophthalmology, RE1-994, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Ophthalmology, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0004-27492004000500018
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:bf4a341dc94d4dab948488fe34a39d4e
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