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Stressful situations in life, use and abuse of alcohol and drugs by elderly in Monterrey, Mexico Situaciones de la vida estresantes, uso y abuso de alcohol y drogas en adultos mayores de Monterrey, México Situações estressantes de vida, uso e abuso de álcool e drogas em idosos de Monterrey, México

By Bertha Alicia Alonso Castillo, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Maria Magdalena Alonso Castillo, Francisco Rafael Guzmán Facundo and Marco Vinicio Gómez Meza

Abstract

This is a descriptive, qualitative, and correlation study with 112 elderly aged 60 years or older. This study aimed to identify differences in alcohol consumption according to gender and marital status, and differences in the consumption of medical drugs by gender. It also aims to determine differences in stressful life events by gender, and differences in stressful life events associated to alcohol and medical drugs use and abuse, as well as to know their perceptions on the most stressful life events they have experienced. The results showed significant differences in alcohol consumption by gender (U=154.0, p <0.01), in which the consumption was higher for men. It was reported that the medical drugs consumption (Ç2 =5.95, p <0.15) and life stress indexes (U=1038.5, p =0.10) are higher for women. The most stressful life events reported were: their health problems or those of their relatives, family and economic problems.<br>Estudio descriptivo correlacional con aproximación cualitativa de los datos en 112 adultos mayores de 60 años, con objeto de identificar las diferencias en el consumo de alcohol por sexo y estado marital y las diferencias en el consumo de drogas médicas por sexo, determinar los eventos de la vida estresantes que se asocian con el uso y abuso de alcohol y drogas médicas, y conocer las percepciones sobre los eventos de la vida que han experimentado como más estresantes. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas del consumo de alcohol de acuerdo al sexo (U=154.0, p< .001), donde el consumo fue mayor para los hombres. Se reportó que el consumo de drogas médicas (Ç2=5.95, p<.015) y los índices de estrés de la vida (U=1038.5, p =.010) son mayores en las mujeres. Los eventos de la vida que percibieron más estresantes fueron; sus problemas de salud o de sus familiares, problemas familiares y económicos.<br>Estudo descritivo correlacional e abordagem qualitativa dos dados, realizado com 112 adultos maiores de 60 anos com o objetivo de identificar as diferenças no consumo de álcool por sexo e estado civil, identificar as diferenças do consumo de drogas médicas por sexo, determinar os eventos estressantes da vida que se associam com o uso e abuso de álcool e drogas médicas, e conhecer as percepções dos idosos sobre o que consideram eventos estressantes na vida. Os resultados mostraram diferenças significativas do consumo de álcool de acordo com sexo (U=154.0, p< 0,001), consumo foi muito maior para os homens. Reportou-se que o consumo de drogas médicas (Ç2=5.95, p<0,015) e os índices de estresse (U=1038.5, p =.010) são maiores nas mulheres. Os eventos na vida que perceberam mais estressantes foram; seus problemas de saúde ou de seus familiares, problemas familiares e econômicos

Topics: anciano, consumo de bebidas alcohólicas, estrés, idosos, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, estresse, aged, alcohol drinking, stress, Nursing, RT1-120, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Nursing, DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000700002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:fc6a27563bec45979560400d3ae303b7
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