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Bioavaliação de estado nutricional do arroz (Oryza sativa L. var. IAC-165) e do feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L. Var. carioca) utilizando 15N e 32P Bioevaluation of the nutritional status of rice (Oriza sativa L. cv. IAC-165) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. carioca) plants using 15N and 32P

By A.M. Calvache, A.C.C. Bernardi, F.C. Oliveira, E. Prada Neto, J.A.A. Silva and E. Malavolta

Abstract

Arroz e feijão foram cultivados em soluções nutritivas em presença de três níveis de N, P e K. O método da bioavaliação do estado nutricional em que raízes destacadas absorvem elementos marcados, no caso presente 15N e 32P, foi comparado com o de diagnose foliar. Foram tiradas duas conclusões principais: 1) os bioensaios mostraram ser um procedimento rápido e útil para o diagnóstico do estado nutricional das duas espécies, visto haver correlação significativa negativa entre absorção e produção de matéria seca; 2) a absorção de dois isótopos pelas raízes da planta previamente submetida a níveis diferentes de N e de P na solução foi inversamente proporcional aos teores foliares desses elementos.<br>Rice and bean plants were grown in nutrient solution in the presence of three levels of N, P and K. The method of the bioevaluation of the nutricional status, in which excised roots are allowed to take up tagged elements, in this case 15N and 32P, was compared with foliar analysis. Two main conclusions were drawn: 1) the bioevaluation proved to be an useful and rapid procedure for the diagnosis of the nutricional status of both species, since there was a significant negative correlation between absorption of N and P and dry matter yield; 2) the uptake of the tagged ions with either element by the roots of plants grown under deficient levels of N and P in the nutrient solution was inversely proportional to the leaf concentration of both nutrients

Topics: estado nutricional, bioavaliação, arroz, feijão, 15N, 32P, nutricional status, bioevaluation, rice, bean, 15N, 32P, Agriculture (General), S1-972, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Agriculture (General), DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo
Year: 1994
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0103-90161994000300002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:fd5f586876854bfa9174e68bb110aa3b
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