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Production and reproduction of egg- and meat-type quails reared in different group sizes

By TC Santos, AE Murakami, JC Fanhani and CAL Oliveira

Abstract

Egg- and meat-type quails were reared in groups of different sizes with a fixed female-to-male ratio of 2 to 1 and an area of 158 cm² per bird. The aim was to investigate the influence of group size on quail production and reproductive variables. To this end, 360 quails (180 meat and 180 egg-type quails) were assigned in a completely randomized experimental design to one of three treatments with ten replicates each. The treatments consisted of groups with nine, six, or three quails per cage. Birds were observed for three cycles of 14 days. Daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio were influenced (p < 0.05) by group size in both types of quails. Quail type influenced (p < 0.05) daily feed intake, feed conversion, and egg weight due to the typical differences between meat and egg-type birds. Despite the observed differences in production parameters, the mean values observed were typical of meat- and egg-type quails. The number of hydrolysis points (holes) per mm² on the vitelline membrane on the germinal disc area was higher in meat quails (2.89 ± 0.21) than in egg quails (2.15 ± 0.13). This parameter was not influenced by the number of birds per cage, which suggests that the number of males inside the cage did not modify the spermatozoa pool inside the female oviduct. We concluded that a ratio of two females per male in cages with three, six, and nine birds/cage is recommended, as no deleterious effect on quail reproduction was observed

Topics: Fertility, hatchability, quail, reproduction, vitelline membrane, Agriculture (General), S1-972, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Agriculture (General), DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences, Animal culture, SF1-1100, Veterinary medicine, SF600-1100, Zoology, QL1-991
Publisher: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1516-635X2011000100002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:760415be8e41441195bd356a6961a8e1
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