The paper tries to identify the contextual factors that influence positively the level of work effort made by the employees who have low quality relationships with their hierarchical superiors. According to the control theory regarding the leader-employee relationship we can state that a higher work effort than the expected one is due to the fact that in certain working environments can offer control to those who normally do not have it, thus serving as substitute of the high quality leader-employee relationships. Studies have proven that for the employees that report low quality relationships with their superior, low competence of their superior, decentralized decision making and low perceptions of policies, high levels of the individual work effort are recorded. The paper highlights the theoretical and practical implications of these discoveries and offers directions for further research in this field
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