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The dynamics of non-monotonic poverty: Theory and

By Florent Bresson, José V. Gallegos and Gastón Yalonetzky


The current assessment of chronic poverty relies on a notion of poverty defined by insufficiency of the means to attain a minimally decent state of wellbeing. However some indicators of functioning, e.g. measures of health status, are characterized by a non-monotonic relationship to wellbeing, since both their scarcity and excess are associ-ated with illfare. Likewise, one can argue that both leisure time scarcity and leisure time abundance can be symptomatic of substandard wellbeing. For the purpose of measuring illfare, when both extremes (scarcity and excess) are deemed detrimental to wellbeing, Apablaza et al. (2013) provided a family of poverty measures that sat-isfies a set of reasonable desirable properties. We combine their toolkit with different approaches to inter-temporal poverty measurement, in order to study the dynamics of non-mononotic poverty. Specifically, we propose measures of chronic and transient non-monotonic poverty following both the “permanent income ” (Jalan and Ravallion, 2000, Foster and Santos, 2013) and the “spell counting ” (Foster, 2009) approaches. We apply these measures to the study of leisure time poverty in Mexico

Topics: I32. JEL Classification, Non-monotonic poverty, chronic poverty, time poverty. 1
Year: 2014
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