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Public health and agrarian liberal politics in Spain: the Rural Health Bureau (1910-1918)

By Esteban Rodríguez-Ocaña

Abstract

This paper reviews the meaning of the Rural Health Bureau (1910-1918) for the history of Spanish public health, thanks to a wealth of previously unknown sources found through a systematic search through medical journals of the time and the Bulletin of the national department of Agriculture. The Bureau was dependent of the Ministry of Development, in the same way as the competences on animal health. It aimed to provide a public health rationale for a plan of agrarian infrastructures, a goal resolved into a huge task of surveillance on hookworm disease, malaria, water supplies and diet. Thus it becomes a perfect paradigm of the Spanish Liberal tradition of promoting information instead than actual changes into society, as well as a needed complement to the hydraulic policy sponsored by Rafael Gasset.<br><br>Abordo el significado en la historia de la Salud pública española de la Inspección de Sanidad del Campo (1910-1918) partiendo de fuentes escasamente conocidas producto de una búsqueda sistemática en las revistas médicas de la época y en el Boletín de Agricultura técnica y económica, órgano de la Dirección general de Agricultura. La Inspección dependió del Ministerio de Fomento, al igual que la higiene veterinaria, y su objetivo era proporcionar bases higiénicas para un plan de infraestructuras agrarias, lo que se tradujo en una ingente tarea de vigilancia epidemiológica sobre anquilostomiasis, paludismo, aguas y alimentación. En este sentido resulta un perfecto epítome de la tradición informativa liberal, así como un complemento de la política hidráulica impulsada por Rafael Gasset

Topics: Rural health, Health surveillance, History of Public Health, Spain, 20th Century, Salud rural, Vigilancia epidemiológica, Historia de la Salud Pública, España, Siglo XX, Medicine (General), R5-920, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences, History of scholarship and learning. The humanities, AZ20-999, History of medicine. Medical expeditions, R131-687
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:75cb48cc799c42e5a8084d7b2ad1f4be
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  • https://doaj.org/toc/0210-4466 (external link)
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  • https://doaj.org/article/75cb4... (external link)
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