There is a lack of statistical data available in Lebanon. This study therefore uses remote sensing to assess the physical growth of Beirut, in 1963, 1987, 1994, 1998 and 2003, on the basis of morphological criteria. Over time, the city has expanded substantially and become linear. The reconstruction period after the civil war saw a massive increase in urbanisation, contrasting with the war years, which did not give rise to such dramatic change, despite the political upheavals
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