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Al-Qādī al-Nuʻmān b. Muhammad al-Maghribī (m. 363/974).<i> Risālat Dhāt al-Bayān fī l-Radd ͑alā Ibn Qutayba</i> or <i>«the eloquent clarification for the refutation of Ibn Qutayba» (I)</i>

By Avraham Hakim

Abstract

Al-Qādī al-Nuʻmān b. Muhammad was the most outstanding and prolific Fātimī scholar and the founder of Ismā ͑īlī jurisprudence. In his pistle “The eloquent clarification for the refutation of Ibn Qutayba”, still in manuscript, al-Nuʻmān engaged in a heated attack on Ibn Qutayba, who had lived a century earlier. The epistle was probably composed in the time of al-Muʻizz at the request of an anonymous tutor of the caliph’s sons. Al-Nuʻmān’s purpose was to refute Ibn Qutayba’s assertion in the introduction to his famous <i>Adab al-Kātib</i>, according to which it was enough for the <i>kuttāb</i>, the civil servants of the state, to memorize a number of simple legal formulas in order to perform their duties, without the need to learn the lengthy dissertations of the <i>fuqahā’</i> or doctors of law. Al-Qādī al-Nuʻmān, who was himself a famous <i>faqīh</i>, dedicates his epistle to prove that in fact without these long dissertations the law could not be properly applied. He refers to each legal formula mentioned by his opponent in <i>Adab al-Kātib</i> and shows how applications of the law should be based on the authority of the Imāms of the <i>Ahl al-Bayt</i>, the family of the Prophet Muhammad. At the same time he refutes various Sunnite legal perspectives on these same issues.<br><br>Al-Qādī al-Nuʻmān b. Muhammad es el más destacado y prolífico de los estudiosos fatimíes y el fundador de la jurisprudencia ismā ͑īlí. En su epístola “La clarificación elocuente para la refutación de Ibn Qutayba”, todavía en manuscrito, al-Nu ͑mān se lanza a una polémica en contra de Ibn Qutayba, que había vivido un siglo antes. Es probable que la epístola fuera escrita en la época de al-Muʻizz a petición de un tutor anónimo de los hijos del califa. En ella, al-Nu,mān se propone refutar la afirmación de Ibn Qutayba, incluida en la introducción de su famosa obra <i>Adab al-Kātib</i>, según la cual era suficiente para la realización de sus tareas que los <i>kuttāb</i>, o funcionarios del estado, memorizaran una serie de fórmulas legales simples, sin tener que aprenderse las largas disertaciones de los <i>fuqahā’</i> o doctores de la ley. Al-Qādī al-Nuʻmān, un <i>faqīh</i> famoso, se dedica en la epístola a demostrar que sin estas disertaciones no se podía aplicar la ley correctamente. En su texto se refiere a cada fórmula legal mencionada por su rival en <i>Adab al-Kātib</i> y demuestra cómo la ley se debería aplicar basándose en la autoridad de los imāmes del <i>Ahl al-Bayt</i>, la Familia del Profeta Muhammad. También refuta las distintas interpretaciones legales sunníes de estas mismas cuestiones

Topics: Al-Qādī al-Nuʻmān, Ibn Qutayba, Adab al-Kātib, Ismā`īlī Law, Shī`ite-Sunnite controversy, Maghreb, al-Muʻizz, al-Qādī al-Nu,mān, Ibn Qutayba, Adab al-Kātib, ley Ismā,īlī, polémica Šī,í-Sunní, Magreb, al-Mu,izz, General Works, A, DOAJ:Multidisciplinary, DOAJ:General Works, History of Civilization, CB3-482, Islam, BP1-253
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:c0e8a797ec29475f8ea00a575cd7267d
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