Location of Repository

Restauración de zonas naturales alteradas por actividades mineras a cielo abierto

By María Paz Aramburu, María del Milagro Escribano and Mercedes de Frutos

Abstract

The main reason for restoring lands affected by mining operations is to minimize the impact on the surrounding area, in such a way that the affected zone is reintegrated into the environment, with the Iand being put to its original use.
 A description of the generic criteria to be applied as regards the shape of slag heaps and final cutting fronts and slopes, in order for them to blend in with the surrounding landscape, is given below.
 Design of the final configuration of the terrain following restoration is conditioned by a series of factors that may be grouped under three overall headings: topographic, aesthetical and economical.
 It should also be taken into account that the remodeling will impact on other facets of the process of recuperation, such as the evolution of the soil and the establishment of vegetation.
 All of the above conditioning factors mean that consideration of the modeling of the terrain must be integrated into the overall planning of the restoration process (even during the initial stages), and that the technical and economic feasibility of the project requires that this be done simultaneously with explotation.<br><br>El principal objetivo en la restauración de tierras afectadas por actividades mineras es minimizar el impacto en el área circundante, de manera que la zona afectada recupere su uso original y se reintegre en su entorno.
 En este artículo se describen algunos de los criterios a aplicar en la remodelación de escombreras y taludes finales de frentes de corta, con objeto de conseguir la integración de estos elementos en el paisaje circundante.
 Los factores que intervienen en la configuración de los terrenos alterados son muy diversos, unos de carácter económico, otros topográficos y otros estéticos.
 La remodelación va a condicionar otras facetas de la recuperación como son la evolución del suelo y el establecimiento de la vegetación.
 Todos estos condicionantes obligan a considerar el modelado del terreno integrado en el plan de restauración y de forma simultánea a la explotación para evitar futuros impactos o minimizar los ya existentes

Topics: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040, Technology, T, DOAJ:General and Civil Engineering, DOAJ:Technology and Engineering, Building construction, TH1-9745, DOAJ:Construction, Architecture, NA1-9428, Fine Arts, N, DOAJ:Architecture, DOAJ:Arts and Architecture
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Year: 1990
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:cbe232faca35454b9c383f2e8ff3227d
Journal:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • https://doaj.org/toc/1988-3234 (external link)
  • https://doaj.org/toc/0020-0883 (external link)
  • http://informesdelaconstruccio... (external link)
  • https://doaj.org/article/cbe23... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.