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Isolation and characterization of bacteria from canine respiratory diseases in and around Hyderabad city, Andhra Pradesh, India

By S. Ayodhya, D. S. Tirumala Rao, Y. Narsimha Reddy, N. Syam Sundar and V. Girish Kumar

Abstract

Aim: To identify the organisms causing respiratory diseases in dogs that belongs to areas in and around Hyderabad city.Materials and Methods: Nasal samples were collected using sterile swabs from the canine clinical cases that were presented with the history of respiratory diseases at the University administered Veterinary Hospital, Bhoiguda, Secunderabad and Campus Veterinary Hospital, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad over a period of 26 months i.e., from October 2008 to November 2010. Clinical signs included coughing, nasal discharge, sneezing, difficulty in breathing, fever, loss of appetite and lethargic behavior. Nasal swabs were immediately transferred, aseptically, into a nutrient broth and were subjected to various cultural tests and microscopic examination. Results: Out of 90 nasal samples, different species of bacteria were isolated. Results from our bacterial culture, microscopic and biochemical studies of the nasal discharges collected from dogs suffering with respiratory diseases revealed various bacteria such as E. coli, Klebsiella spp, Streptococci spp.Staphylococci and mixed infections.Conclusion: This study revealed that the bacteria such as E. coli, Klebsiella spp, Streptococci spp. Staphylococci and mixed infections are the common causative agents that lead to respiratory diseases in dogs belonging to areas in and around Hyderabad city

Topics: bacteriology, characterization, cultural tests, dogs, isolation, respiratory diseases, Animal culture, SF1-1100, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Animal Sciences, DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences, Veterinary medicine, SF600-1100
Publisher: Veterinary World
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.5455/vetworld.2013.601-604
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:fbfb8b8c04d44f5f86677b3ce1d4010a
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