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On the generation mechanism of terminator times in subionospheric VLF/LF propagation and its possible application to seismogenic effects

By M. Yoshida, T. Yamauchi, T. Horie and M. Hayakawa

Abstract

The signals from VLF/LF transmitters are known to propagate in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide, so that the subionospheric propagation characteristics are very sensitive to the condition of the lower ionosphere. We know that there appear the terminator times just around the sunrise and sunset in the diurnal variation of subionospheric VLF/LF signal (amplitude and phase). These terminator times are found to shift significantly just around an earthquake, which enables us to infer the change in the ionosphere during the earthquake. In this paper we try to understand the physical mechanism on the generation of those terminator times for relatively short propagation path (less than 2000 km) by means of wave-hop method. It is found that the lowering of the ionosphere boundary during an earthquake decreases the path length of the sky wave and this alters the interference condition of this wave with the ground wave, which lead to an appearance of terminator times as the destructive interference between the ground and sky waves. Finally, we suggest a possible use of terminator time shifts to investigate the lower ionospheric plasma changes during the earthquakes

Topics: Environmental sciences, GE1-350, Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, G, DOAJ:Environmental Sciences, DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences, Geology, QE1-996.5, Science, Q, DOAJ:Earth Sciences, Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering, TD1-1066
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:1963d90504c64d459c4f324775be1f48
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