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Prevalence of hepatitis C Virus infection among hemophiliacs in Central Brazil

By Adriana P Barbosa, Regina MB Martins, Sheila A Teles, Simonne A Silva, Jaqueline M Oliveira and Clara FT Yoshida

Abstract

In order to investigate the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence and risk factors in hemophiliacs in Central Brazil, 90 patients were interviewed and serum samples tested for HCV RNA and anti-HCV antibodies. An overall prevalence of 63.3% (CI 95%: 53.0-72.7) was found. Multivariate analysis of risk factors showed that number of blood transfusions was significantly associated with this infection. Most hemophiliacs received locally produced cryoprecipitate. All infected patients were transfused before the screening of blood units for anti-HCV. However, hemophiliacs who received exclusively screened cryoprecipitate were HCV negative. It confirms the expected decline in transfusion-acquired hepatitis C

Topics: hepatitis C, hemophilia, prevalence, Central Brazil, Microbiology, QR1-502, Science, Q, DOAJ:Microbiology, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962, Special situations and conditions, RC952-1245, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Internal medicine, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0074-02762002000500009
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:01fe3c101d8c45b1910d92c7530b6cfd
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