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Detection of Toxoplasma gondii by PCR and mouse bioassay in commercial cuts of pork from experimentally infected pigs Detecção do Toxoplasma gondii por PCR e bioensaio em camundongo em cortes comerciais de carnes de suínos infectados experimentalmente

By V.S. Tsutsui, R.L. Freire, J.L. Garcia, S.M. Gennari, D.P. Vieira, E.R.M. Marana, L.B. Prudêncio and I.T. Navarro

Abstract

The distribution of T. gondii in commercial cuts of pork (ham, tenderloin, spareribs and arm picnic) by PCR and bioassay from experimentally infected pigs, was evaluated. Eighteen mixed breed pigs were divided into two groups (G). The G1 animals (n=10) were infected with 4 x10(4) oocysts of the T. gondii VEG strain and the G2 animals (n=8) were used as control. Pigs of both groups were slaughtered at 59th day after infection, and meat samples were collected for bioassay and PCR. All animals from G1 were positive by at least one or both tests, and all control animals were negative. T. gondii was identified in pork by mouse bioassay and PCR in 27/40 (67.5%) and in 9/40 (22.5%) of the evaluated samples, respectively. There were no statistical differences in the distribution of tissue cysts from commercial cuts of pork by bioassay (P>0.05). However, statistical differences were observed when mouse bioassay and PCR were compared (P<0.01).<br>Avaliou-se a presença de T. gondii em cortes comerciais de carne suína (pernil, lombo, costela e paleta), por meio do bioensaio e PCR, em animais experimentalmente inoculados. Dois grupos (G) foram formados. Os animais do G1 (n=10) foram inoculados com 4 x10(4) oocistos da cepa VEG e os do G2 (n=8) permaneceram como grupo-controle, não inoculado. Todos os animais foram abatidos no dia 59 após a infecção, quando foram colhidas as amostras de carne para a realização das provas de bioensaio e da PCR. Todos os suínos do G1 apresentaram-se positivos a pelo menos um dos testes de diagnóstico ou a ambos, e os do grupo-controle permaneceram negativos. Não houve diferenças significativas em relação aos tipos de cortes comerciais e à presença do parasita no bioensaio (P>0,05). O bioensaio foi capaz de detectar T. gondii em 27/40 (67,5%) amostras e a PCR em 9/40 (22,5%). O estudo mostrou diferença entre o bioensaio e a PCR (P<0,01)

Topics: carne suína, bioensaio em camundongos, PCR, Toxoplasma gondii, pork meat, mouse bioassay, PCR, Toxoplasma gondii, Zoology, QL1-991, Science, Q, DOAJ:Zoology, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Animal culture, SF1-1100, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Animal Sciences, DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0102-09352007000100006
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:05521f3031c84e24b44ae24283eab4e2
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