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Combining Geostatistics with Moran’s I Analysis for Mapping Soil Heavy Metals in Beijing, China

By Bao-Guo Li, Dan-Feng Sun, Hong Li, Xiao-Ni Huo and Lian-Di Zhou


Production of high quality interpolation maps of heavy metals is important for risk assessment of environmental pollution. In this paper, the spatial correlation characteristics information obtained from Moran’s I analysis was used to supplement the traditional geostatistics. According to Moran’s I analysis, four characteristics distances were obtained and used as the active lag distance to calculate the semivariance. Validation of the optimality of semivariance demonstrated that using the two distances where the Moran’s I and the standardized Moran’s I, Z(I) reached a maximum as the active lag distance can improve the fitting accuracy of semivariance. Then, spatial interpolation was produced based on the two distances and their nested model. The comparative analysis of estimation accuracy and the measured and predicted pollution status showed that the method combining geostatistics with Moran’s I analysis was better than traditional geostatistics. Thus, Moran’s I analysis is a useful complement for geostatistics to improve the spatial interpolation accuracy of heavy metals

Topics: geostatistics, Moran’s I analysis, heavy metals, Beijing, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Public Health, DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.3390/ijerph9030995
OAI identifier:
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