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Obscured phylogeny and possible recombinational dormancy in <it>Escherichia coli</it>

By Sawyer Stanley A, Leopold Shana R, Whittam Thomas S and Tarr Phillip I

Abstract

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p><it>Escherichia coli </it>is one of the best studied organisms in all of biology, but its phylogenetic structure has been difficult to resolve with current data and analytical techniques. We analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms in chromosomes of representative strains to reconstruct the topology of its emergence.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The phylogeny of <it>E. coli </it>varies according to the segment of chromosome analyzed. Recombination between extant <it>E. coli </it>groups is largely limited to only three intergroup pairings.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Segment-dependent phylogenies most likely are legacies of a complex recombination history. However, <it>E. coli </it>are now in an epoch in which they no longer broadly share DNA. Using the definition of species as organisms that freely exchange genetic material, this recombinational dormancy could reflect either the end of <it>E. coli </it>as a species, or herald the coalescence of <it>E. coli </it>groups into new species.</p

Topics: Definition of Species, Phylogeny, Recombination, Biology (General), QH301-705.5, Science, Q, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Evolution, QH359-425
Publisher: BioMed Central
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-183
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:1e9f463cee9f4a7ba62acd35d3219dd2
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