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Repercussões da L-alanil-glutamina sobre as concentrações de lactato e lactato desidrogenase (LDH) em pacientes com isquemia crítica dos membros inferiores submetidos a revascularização distal Repercussions of l-alanyl-glutamine upon the concentrations of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in patients with critical ischemia of lower limbs subjected to distal revascularization

By Wellington Forte Alves, Sérgio Botelho Guimarães, Paulo Roberto Cavalcante de Vasconcelos and Paulo Roberto Leitão de Vasconcelos

Abstract

OBJETIVO: Investigar efeitos da L-alanil-glutamina nas concentrações musculares de lactato, e nas concentrações sanguíneas de LDH, em pacientes com isquemia crítica dos membros inferiores submetidos à revascularização distal. MÉTODOS: Dezesseis adultos (12-homens/4-mulheres) foram distribuídos em 2 grupos (1-controle/2-estudo). Três horas após injeção endovenosa de 250 ml de L-alanil-glutamina a 20% adicionados a 750 ml de soro fisiológico (Grupo 2), ou 1000 ml de solução salina (Grupo 1), iniciava-se a revascularização, sob raquianestesia. Amostras musculares e de sangue (arterial/venoso) foram coletadas no início do procedimento (TI), no final (TF), e 10 e 20 minutos após isquemia (T1/T2). RESULTADOS: Observou-se redução significante (p<0,05) da concentração de lactato no tecido muscular sadio dos pacientes tratados com L-alanil-glutamina, em comparação ao grupo controle, em todos os tempos estudados. Houve redução significante nas concentrações de LDH no sangue venoso dos pacientes tratados, em todos os tempos (TIV/TFV/T1V/T2V), e no sangue arterial durante a reperfusão (T1A/T2A). CONCLUSÕES: Queda na concentração de lactato no músculo, e redução nas concentrações arteriais e venosas de LDH, em pacientes recipientes de L-alanil-glutamina, sugere maior utilização de piruvato para produção de energia no ciclo de Krebs do que sua conversão para lactato, com prevalência da glicólise aeróbica.<br>PURPOSE: Investigate the repercussions of L-alanyl-glutamine in muscular tissue concentrations of lactate, and venous and arterial blood concentrations of LDH, in patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs submitted to distal revascularization. METHODS: Sixteen adults (12 male/4 female) were distributed in 2 groups (1-Control/2-Experiment). Three hours after the intravenous injection of 250 ml of a 20% solution of L-alanyl-glutamine added to 750 ml of saline solution (Group 2); or 1000 ml of saline solution (Group 1), distal bypass was carried out under spinal anesthesia. Muscle and blood samples (arterial/venous) were collected at the beginning of the surgical procedure (TI), at the end (TF), and 10 and 20 minutes after re-establishment of blood flow. RESULTS: Significant reduction (p<0,05) of lactate concentration was observed in healthy muscle tissue in L-alanyl-glutamine treated patients in comparison to control group, at all times studied. There was a significant reduction (p <0,05) in venous concentrations of LDH in treated patients at all times studied (TI/TFV/T1V/T2V); and in arterial blood during reperfusion (T1A/T2A). CONCLUSIONS: 1. Decreased lactate concentrations in healthy skeletal muscle in patients treated with L-alanyl-glutamine suggests greater utilization of pyruvate for energy production than its conversion to lactate in Krebs cycle boosting aerobic glycolysis. 2. - Drop in venous blood concentrations of LDH in treated patients with L-alanyl-glutamine at all times during ischemia, and 10 and 20 minutes after reperfusion, also suggests augmented utilization of pyruvate for energy production via aerobic glycolysis

Topics: Metabolismo, Isquemia, Reperfusão, Ácido láctico, Metabolism, Ischemia, Reperfusion, Lactic acid, Surgery, RD1-811, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Surgery, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0102-86502003000300008
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:24d98701017d434995dc6c6ae1ed273f
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