Leprosy is a disease that has existed for over twenty centuries and still affects people today, with high prevalence, especially in developing countries. Given this reality, the World Health Organization together with the Ministry of Health, set targets for the control of leprosy in 1/10.000 inhabitants. In this context, the State of Paraíba there is cases with significant rates. Thus, this research aimed to identify the epidemiological characteristics of leprosy in the city of Pombal, State of Paraíba. This is an epidemiological study,. We take as universe of search a city called Pombal inserted in IV Health Macro-Region, which was developed as secondary source next to the Municipal Department of Health. After submitting to the Ethics Committee of the Center of Health Sciences UFPB, the study was approved. Data were collected using an instrument with variable epidemiological inserted in the above basis, taking into account the information needed to answer the purpose proposed. The data were statistically analyzed and subsequently presented. The results show in all cases from 1984 to 2006. The therapeutic outcome was significant, reflecting the success of polychemotherapy and the performance of the Family Health Teams, that had increasing the active search improving the information system, highlighting the commitment of nurses in contributing to achieving the targets set by government bodies
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