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Efficacy of a diarylheptanoid derivative against Leishmania amazonensis

By Alves Luciana Vignólio, Temporal Rosane Maria, Cysne-Finkelstein Léa and Leon Leonor Laura

Abstract

The activity of several diarylheptanoid derivatives (curcuminoids) was previously evaluated against Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes and among them the most active compound was the [1-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-7-(3,4-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-1,6-heptadien-3, 5-dione]. This derivative was chosen to be assayed in vivo in a treatment trial. For these experiments, the curcuminoid compound was used in a concentration equivalent to the IC50/24 h, obtained from the previous study. Balb/c mice were inoculated subcutaneously in the footpad with L. amazonensis infective promastigotes and 4 weeks after the inoculation, the animals were treated with different schemes, varying from 1 to 3 doses. In all the experiments, Pentamidine Isethionate was used as reference drug under the same experimental conditions. The results showed that one dose was not enough to heal the lesion, however, with 2 and 3 doses the efficiency of the assayed compound was clear. On the other hand, treatment with Pentamidine Isethionate using the three different schemes was not satisfactory when compared to the curcuminoid derivative

Topics: diarylheptanoid, treatment trial, Leishmania amazonensis, leishmaniasis, Microbiology, QR1-502, Science, Q, DOAJ:Microbiology, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962, Special situations and conditions, RC952-1245, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Internal medicine, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:405a35ba12bc4868bbc6bc9c4a271b3b
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