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Relação do pico de fluxo expiratório com o tempo de fonação em pacientes asmáticos Relation of peak-flow with fonation time in asmatic patients

By Débora Cardoso Rossi, Danielle Ferreira Munhoz, Cristiano Rabelo Nogueira, Teresa Cristina Moura de Oliveira and Ana Teresa Brandão de Oliveira Britto

Abstract

OBJETIVO: investigar a possível relação do Pico de Fluxo Expiratório (PFE) com o Tempo Máximo de Fonação (TMF) em pacientes asmáticos. MÉTODOS: a pesquisa enfocou 16 indivíduos com o diagnóstico de asma pura, sendo 9 do gênero feminino e 7 do gênero masculino, atendidos no serviço ambulatorial de pneumologia do Hospital Júlia Kubitschek em BH. A equipe de pneumologia diagnosticou, classificou a asma e realizou o teste PFE. Posteriormente os pacientes foram submetidos à extração de tempo Máximo de Fonação (TMF) para os sons /a/, /i/, /u/, /e áfono/, /e sonoro/, /s/ e /z/. RESULTADOS: dos pacientes atendidos havia 12,50% (2) com asma tratada, 18,75% (3) com asma persistente leve, 43,75% (7) com asma persistente moderada, 6,25% (1) com asma moderada grave e 18,75% (3) com asma persistente grave. Foi observado que quando o TMF encontrava-se reduzido ocorria também uma redução do PFE e quando havia um aumento do TMF era encontrado no PFE valor também maior. CONCLUSÃO: foi possível observar uma associação e uma correlação entre as medidas TMF e PFE que sugerem uma relação direta dessas medidas.<br>PURPOSE: to investigate the possible relationship between Expiratory Flow Peak (EFP) and Maximum Phonation Duration (PMD) for asthmatic patients METHODS: the research focused on 16 individuals diagnosed with pure asthma, where 9 were female and 7 were males, treated at the pneumology clinical services of Júlia Kubitschek Hospital. The pneumology team diagnosed, classified the asthma and performed the EFP test. The patients were submitted afterwards to PMD speech therapy evaluation. RESULTS: within the treated patients there were 12.50% (2) with treated asthma, 18.75% (3) with light persistent asthma, 43.75 % (7) with moderate persistent asthma, 6.25% (1) with severe moderate asthma and 18.75% (3) with severe persistent asthma. It was found that when PMD had decreased there was a decrease in EFP as well, and that when there was an increase of PMD the EFP value would also increase. CONCLUSION: it was possible to note a relation and a correlation between PMD and EFP measures, suggesting a direct relation between these measurements

Topics: Pico do Fluxo Expiratório, Asma, Fonoaudiologia, Doença Pulmonar, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate, Asthma, Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Pulmonary Disease, Otorhinolaryngology, RF1-547, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Otorhinolaryngology, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences, Philology. Linguistics, P1-1091, Language and Literature, P, DOAJ:Linguistics, DOAJ:Languages and Literatures
Publisher: CEFAC Saúde e Educação
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1516-18462006000400012
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:4cbf942489c545b083a3ad0d18288858
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