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Influence of the starting materials on performance of high temperature oxide fuel cells devices

By Emília Satoshi Miyamaru Seo, Walter Kenji Yoshito, Valter Ussui, Dolores Ribeiro Ricci Lazar, Sonia Regina Homem de Mello Castanho and José Octavio Armani Paschoal

Abstract

High temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) offer an environmentally friendly technology to convert gaseous fuels such as hydrogen, natural gas or gasified coal into electricity at high efficiencies. Besides the efficiency, higher than those obtained from the traditional energy conversion systems, a fuel cell provides many other advantages like reliability, modularity, fuel flexibility and very low levels of NOx and SOx emissions. The high operating temperature (950-1000 °C) used by the current generation of the solid oxide fuel cells imposes severe constraints on materials selection in order to improve the lifetime of the cell. Besides the good electrical, electrochemical, mechanical and thermal properties, the individual cell components must be stable under the fuel cell operating atmospheres. Each material has to perform not only in its own right but also in conjunction with other system components. For this reason, each cell component must fulfill several different criteria. This paper reviews the materials and the methods used to fabricate the different cell components, such as the cathode, the electrolyte, the anode and the interconnect. Some remarkable results, obtained at IPEN (Nuclear Energy Research Institute) in São Paulo, have been presented

Topics: SOFC, cathode, anode, electrolytes, interconnect, Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials, TA401-492, Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering, TK1-9971, Technology, T, DOAJ:Materials, DOAJ:Technology and Engineering
Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Metalurgia e Materiais (ABM); Associação Brasileira de Cerâmica (ABC); Associação Brasileira de Polímeros (ABPol)
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1516-14392004000100029
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:25c8b9e597d64c3a83f33efbcb8d4cd4
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