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Clinical evaluation of oropharyngeal dysphagia in Machado-Joseph disease

By Sabrina Mello Alves Corrêa, Valter Nilton Felix, Jonas Lírio Gurgel, Rubens A. A Sallum and Ivan Cecconello

Abstract

CONTEXT: In Machado-Joseph disease, poor posture, dystonia and peripheral neuropathy are extremely predisposing to oropharyngeal dysphagia, which is more commonly associated with muscular dystrophy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of oropharyngeal dysphagia in Machado-Joseph disease patients. METHOD: Forty individuals participated in this study, including 20 with no clinical complaints and 20 dysphagic patients with Machado-Joseph disease of clinical type 1, who were all similar in terms of gender distribution, average age, and cognitive function. The medical history of each patient was reviewed and each subject underwent a clinical evaluation of deglutition. At the end, the profile of dysphagia in patients with Machado-Joseph disease was classified according to the Severity Scale of Dysphagia, as described by O'Neil and collaborators. RESULTS: Comparison between dysphagic patients and controls did not reveal many significant differences with respect to the clinical evaluation of the oral phase of deglutition, since afflicted patients only demonstrated deficits related to the protrusion, retraction and tonus of the tongue. However, several significant differences were observed with respect to the pharyngeal phase. Dysphagic patients presented pharyngeal stasis during deglutition of liquids and solids, accompanied by coughing and/or choking as well as penetration and/or aspiration; these signs were absent in the controls. CONCLUSIONS: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is part of the Machado-Joseph disease since the first neurological manifestations. There is greater involvement of the pharyngeal phase, in relation to oral phase of the deglutition. The dysphagia of these patients is classified between mild and moderate

Topics: Doença de Machado-Joseph, Transtornos de deglutição, Diseases of the digestive system. Gastroenterology, RC799-869, Specialties of internal medicine, RC581-951, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Medicine, R
Publisher: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia (IBEPEGE)
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0004-28032010000400003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:51a39ad490ff48d3b2c36b4f118392f8
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