In this paper, we propose a reduced-rank space-time adaptive processing (STAP) technique for airborne phased array radar applications. The proposed STAP method performs dimensionality reduction by using a reduced-rank switched joint interpolation, decimation and filtering algorithm (RR-SJIDF). In this scheme, a multiple-processing-branch (MPB) framework, which contains a set of jointly optimized interpolation, decimation and filtering units, is proposed to adaptively process the observations and suppress jammers and clutter. The output is switched to the branch with the best performance according to the minimum variance criterion. In order to design the decimation unit, we present an optimal decimation scheme and a low-complexity decimation scheme. We also develop two adaptive implementations for the proposed scheme, one based on a recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm and the other on a constrained conjugate gradient (CCG) algorithm. The proposed adaptive algorithms are tested with simulated radar data. The simulation results show that the proposed RR-SJIDF STAP schemes with both the RLS and the CCG algorithms converge at a very fast speed and provide a considerable SINR improvement over the state-of-the-art reduced-rank schemes
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