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ICT access in Latin America. evidence from household level

By Sebastián Vergara and Matteo Grazzi

Abstract

The diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is becoming a central policy issue for developing countries, being identified by international policy-makers and scholars as an important driver of knowledge, innovation and economic growth. We analyze ICT access patterns in seven Latin American countries. In particular, we study the socio-economic determinants of the presence of computers and Internet connection at household level. Descriptive data show that ICT diffusion is concentrated in narrowly defined segments of income and educational groups in each country. Across countries, there is also evidence that the lower is the ICT diffusion, the higher is the inequality of that diffusion. Econometrically, we model the probability that a household has or has not adopted computer technologies and Internet access. The results confirm that variables such as income, education and rural/urban areas are key determinants of ICT diffusion. Additionally, there is evidence of geographical network effects and complementarities between Internet uses at different locations.

Topics: O54 - Latin America; Caribbean, C24 - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models, L63 - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.2139/ssrn.1814324
OAI identifier: oai:mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de:33266

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