The paper sets out to determine the impact of monetary policy on the Nigerian economy during the post-reform period using annual series data (1986 – 2006). Trend discussion of some basic macroeconomic indicators on the Nigerian economy among others reveal that (a) the Central Bank of Nigeria is instrument independents and not goal independent; and (b) fiscal dominance and policy inconsistencies are some constraints that undermine the efficacy of monetary policy. Results from the simple empirics on monetary policy shocks hold it that monetary policy is not completely impotent in influencing economic activities and particularly that monetary policy shocks affected prices more both in the short-run and long-run than other indicators. This paper posits that monetary policy formulation may concentrate more on the use of Treasury bill as an instrument of inflation-targeting in Nigeria.
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