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Gender Inequality and Trade Liberalization: A Case Study of Pakistan

By Naeem Ahmed and Kalim Hyder


The main focus of this study is to explore the impact of trade liberalization on gender inequalities in Pakistan. The overall gender inequality based on three dimensions, including labour market, education and health facilities are analyzed in this paper using data from 1973 to 2005. Exports and imports to GDP ratio, per capita GDP, and number of girls’ school to number of boys’ school ratio are identified as important determinants of overall gender inequality in Pakistan and gender inequality in labor market of Pakistan. Further, gender inequality in education attainment is explained by per capita GDP, number of girls’ school to number of boys’ school ratio and number of female teachers per school.

Topics: J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de:16252

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