Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Estimating the Black Economy through Monetary Approach: A Case Study of Pakistan

By M. Haider Hussain and Qazi Masood Ahmed


In the recent years, the ‘black economy’ has held enormous appeal for policy makers. Presence of black economy creates critical misrepresentation of macroeconomic variables in official estimates that lead to the false determination and delusional impact of economic policies. Similarly, black economy represents the unrecorded potential of the economy vis-à-vis resource generation and mobilization. The Economy of Pakistan underwent several minor tax reforms since 1960’s. However, the tax and tariff reform of 1990’s, committed under international pressure, was the first comprehensive exercise and therefore it becomes highly desirable to gauge its impact on the black economy and tax evasion practices. This paper, with some modifications, uses the standard monetary approach to obtain the latest estimates of the size of black economy and its macroeconomic implications thereof.

Topics: O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements, H30 - General, H26 - Tax Evasion
Year: 2006
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.