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Long-Term Managed Aquifer Recharge in a Saline-Water Aquifer as a Critical Component of an Integrated Water Scheme in Southwestern Florida, USA

By Thomas M. Missimer, Weixing Guo, John Woolschlager and Robert G. Maliva

Abstract

Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) systems can be used within the context of integrated water management to create solutions to multiple objectives. Southwestern Florida is faced with severe environmental problems associated with the wet season discharge of excessive quantities of surface water containing high concentrations of nutrients into the Caloosahatchee River Estuary and a future water supply shortage. A 150,000 m3/day MAR system is proposed as an economic solution to solve part of the environmental and water supply issues. Groundwater modeling has demonstrated that the injection of about 150,000 m3/day into the Avon Park High Permeable Zone will result in the creation of a 1000 m wide plume of fresh and brackish-water (due to mixing) extending across the water short area over a 10-year period. The operational cost of the MAR injection system would be less than $0.106/m3 and the environmental benefits would alone more than cover this cost in the long term. In addition, the future unit water supply cost to the consumer would be reduced from $1 to $1.25/m3 to $0.45 to $0.65/m3

Topics: managed aquifer recharge, integrated water management, environmental restoration, water supply shortage, Comprehensive Everglades Restorage Plan, Hydraulic engineering, TC1-978, Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes, TD201-500
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.3390/w9100774
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:fd83c05c4d1847dbafbeffd8ce7d111d
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