Location of Repository

Trends and Variability of AVHRR-Derived NPP in India

By Govindasamy Bala, Jaideep Joshi, Rajiv K Chaturvedi, Hosahalli V Gangamani, Hirofumi Hashimoto and Rama Nemani


In this paper, we estimate the trends and variability in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)-derived terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) over India for the period 1982-2006. We find an increasing trend of 3.9% per decade (r = 0.78, R-2 = 0.61) during the analysis period. A multivariate linear regression of NPP with temperature, precipitation, atmospheric CO2 concentration, soil water and surface solar radiation (r = 0.80, R-2 = 0.65) indicates that the increasing trend is partly driven by increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration and the consequent CO2 fertilization of the ecosystems. However, human interventions may have also played a key role in the NPP increase: non-forest NPP growth is largely driven by increases in irrigated area and fertilizer use, while forest NPP is influenced by plantation and forest conservation programs. A similar multivariate regression of interannual NPP anomalies with temperature, precipitation, soil water, solar radiation and CO2 anomalies suggests that the interannual variability in NPP is primarily driven by precipitation and temperature variability. Mean seasonal NPP is largest during post-monsoon and lowest during the pre-monsoon period, thereby indicating the importance of soil moisture for vegetation productivity

Topics: Centre for Ecological Sciences, Divecha Centre for Climate Change, Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA), Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.3390/rs5020810
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.iisc.ernet.in:46250
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/4... (external link)
  • http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/4... (external link)
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs50... (external link)
  • Suggested articles



    1. (2004). A continuous satellite-derived measure of global terrestrial primary productivity: Future science and applications. Bioscience doi
    2. (1993). A preliminary estimate of bio- geochmeical cycle of carbon for India.
    3. (2011). Aboveground standing biomass and carbon stock dynamics under a varied degree of anthropogenic pressure in tropical fain forests of Uttara Kannada District,
    4. (2000). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance-2000Report; Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India:
    5. (2005). An extended AVHRR doi
    6. (2006). Biogeophysical effects of CO2 fertilization on global climate. doi
    7. (1999). Biomass production and species composition change in a tallgrass prairie ecosystem after long-term exposure to elevated atmospheric CO2. Glob. Change Biol. doi
    8. (2007). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis; doi
    9. (2006). Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the (CMIP)-M-4 model intercomparison. doi
    10. (2003). Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999. Science doi
    11. CO2-fertilization and potential future terrestrial carbon uptake in India. doi
    12. (2010). Decadal variations in NDVI and food production in India. Remote Sens. doi
    13. (2012). Detecting climate effects on vegetation in northern mixed prairie using NOAA AVHRR 1-km time-series NDVI data. Remote Sens. doi
    14. (2000). Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from doi
    15. (2011). Environmental drivers of NDVI-based vegetation phenology in Central Asia. Remote Sens. doi
    16. (2004). Estimating terrestrial net primary productivity over India using satellite data.
    17. Estimation and analysis of terrestrial net primary productivity over India by remote-sensing-driven terrestrial biosphere model. doi
    18. (2002). Estimation of carbon mass fluxes over Europe using the C-Fix model and Euroflux data. Remote Sens. Environ. doi
    19. (1997). Estimation of global leaf area index and absorbed par using radiative transfer models.IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. doi
    20. (2006). Evaluation of MODIS gross primary productivity (GPP) in tropical monsoon regions. Remote Sens. Environ. doi
    21. (2006). Evaluation of remote sensing based terrestrial productivity from MODIS using regional tower eddy flux network observations. doi
    22. (2008). Forest conservation, afforestation and reforestation in India: Implications for forest carbon stocks.
    23. (2005). Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity. doi
    24. (1989). FSI State of Forest Report-1987Report; Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India: Dehradun,
    25. (2007). FSI State of Forest Report-2005Report; Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India: Dehradun,
    26. (1995). Global net primary production—Combining ecology and remote-sensing.Remote doi
    27. (1995). Global primary production: A remote sensing approach. doi
    28. (2001). H.A.Terrestrial Global Productivity; doi
    29. (1995). Impact of drought stress and other factors on seasonal land biosphere CO2 exchange studied through an atmospheric tracer transport model. Tellus B doi
    30. (2005). Improvements of the MODIS terrestrial gross and net primary production global data set. Remote Sens. Environ. doi
    31. (2005). Increase of carbon cycle feedback with climate sensitivity: results from a coupled climate and carbon cycle model. Tellus B doi
    32. (2012). Inter-annual variability and climate control of terrestrial net primary productivity over India. doi
    33. (1991). L.S.Some aspects of carbon-dioxide exchange between atmosphere and indian plant biota. doi
    34. (1998). Measuring the strength of ENSO events: How does 1997/98 rank? Weather doi
    35. (2006). products across multiple biomes. Remote Sens. Environ. doi
    36. (2004). Quantifying the effects of CO2-fertilized vegetation on future global climate and carbon dynamics. doi
    37. (2003). Regional carbon dynamics in monsoon Asia and its implications for the global carbon cycle. Global Planet. Change doi
    38. (2011). Spatial and temporal variability of Net Primary Productivity (NPP) over terrestrial biosphere of India using NOAA-AVHRR based GloPEM doi
    39. (2001). The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. In Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis;
    40. (2010). Tree ring evidence for limited direct CO2 fertilization of forests over the 20th century. doi
    41. Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide.
    42. (1996). TURC: A diagnostic model of continental gross primary productivity and net primary productivity. doi
    43. (2001). Uncertainties in global terrestrial biosphere modeling 1—A comprehensive sensitivity analysis with a new photosynthesis and energy balance scheme. doi

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.