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Abcg2 overexpression represents a novel mechanism for acquired resistance to the multi-kinase inhibitor Danusertib in BCR-ABL-positive cells in vitro.

By S. Balabanov, A. Gontarewicz, G. Keller, L. Raddrizzani, M. Braig, R. Bosotti, J. Moll, E. Jost, C. Barett, I. Rohe, C. Bokemeyer, T.L. Holyoake and T.H. Brümmendorf

Abstract

The success of Imatinib (IM) therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is compromised by the development of IM resistance and by a limited IM effect on hematopoietic stem cells. Danusertib (formerly PHA-739358) is a potent pan-aurora and ABL kinase inhibitor with activity against known BCR-ABL mutations, including T315I. Here, the individual contribution of both signaling pathways to the therapeutic effect of Danusertib as well as mechanisms underlying the development of resistance and, as a consequence, strategies to overcome resistance to Danusertib were investigated. Starting at low concentrations, a dose-dependent inhibition of BCR-ABL activity was observed, whereas inhibition of aurora kinase activity required higher concentrations, pointing to a therapeutic window between the two effects. Interestingly, the emergence of resistant clones during Danusertib exposure in vitro occurred considerably less frequently than with comparable concentrations of IM. In addition, Danusertib-resistant clones had no mutations in BCR-ABL or aurora kinase domains and remained IM-sensitive. Overexpression of Abcg2 efflux transporter was identified and functionally validated as the predominant mechanism of acquired Danusertib resistance <i>in vitro</i>. Finally, the combined treatment with IM and Danusertib significantly reduced the emergence of drug resistance <i>in vitro</i>, raising hope that this drug combination may also achieve more durable disease control <i>in vivo</i>

Publisher: Public Library of Science
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gla.ac.uk:54108
Provided by: Enlighten

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